California Statutes – Pg. 3

Statute by categorysort descending Citation Summary
CA – Ordinances – Regulation and control of dogs; maintenance of pound and rabies control programs; vaccination clinics; issuanc West’s Ann. Cal. Health & Safety Code § 121690 This California statute provides that, in rabies areas, every owner of dogsolder than four months shall get a new dog license at least once every two years as provided by ordinance of the responsible city, city and county, or county.  Also, every dog owner shall, at intervals of time not more often than once a year, vaccinate his or her dog against rabies.  Any dog in violation of this chapter and any additional provisions that may be prescribed by any local governing body shall be impounded, as provided by local ordinance.
CA – Pet Sales – Chapter 5. Sale of Dogs and Cats CA HLTH & S §§ 122045 – 122315 This section requires that dog breeders provide a written disclosure upon the sale of any dog with information such as the breeder’s name and address, the dog’s birth date, breed. sex, color, and vet record, and a signed statement from the breeder that the dog has no known diseases. Any breeder who knowingly sells a diseased dog faces a civil penalty. Breeders must provide dogs with sanitary housing, adequate food, water, exercise and veterinary care.
CA – Pet Shop – Sale of dogs under eight weeks of age; written approval by veterinarian prior to physical transfer; violations; CA PENAL § 597z This new California law makes it a misdemeanor for any person to sell one or more dogs under eight weeks of age, unless, prior to any physical transfer of the dog or dogs from the seller to the purchaser, the dog or dogs are approved for sale, as evidenced by written documentation from a veterinarian licensed to practice in California.
CA – Pet Shop – § 597l. List providing what is unlawful for a pet shop operator to fail to do; information to be provided to buy CA PENAL § 597l This statute requires operators of pet shops to provide sanitary conditions, proper heating and ventilation, adequate nutrition and  space for a pet animal. Sellers must provide buyers with written recommendations for the generally accepted standards of care, including information on housing and feeding of the animal. Violations of the provisions constitute a misdemeanor.
CA – Pet Store – Chapter 9. Pet Store Animal Care Act CA HLTH & S § 122350 – 122361 This  law requires pet store operators to maintain the facility in good repair, provide proper care to animals, and clean grooming areas daily. Primary enclosures must be structurally sound, provide adequate space, be water-proof, and protect from injury. The law mandates that dogs and cats must be over eight weeks of age and weaned prior to sale. Pet store operators must ensure that veterinary records are documented in writing. Violations may be considered an infraction or a misdemeanor.
CA – Pigs, Wild – Chapter 7. Wild Pigs CA FISH & G § 4650 – 4657 These provisions make it unlawful to take any wild pig in California without first procuring a license tag authorizing the taking.  These sections outline the requirements for licenses and require plans for the management of wild pigs. Under these plans, the status and trend of wild pig populations are determined and management units shall be designated within the state.
CA – Poisoning – § 596. Poisoning animals; exceptions; posting warning signs CA PENAL § 596 This statute makes it a misdemeanor to poison an animal, but gives an exception to a property owner trying to control or destroy predatory animals or livestock-killing dogs on his/her property, if the owner displays specified warning signs.
CA – Prize animals – § 599. Selling or giving away poultry or rabbits as inducement to enter contest, place of amusement or busi CA PENAL § 599 This statute makes it a misdemeanor to sell or give away, any live chicks, rabbits, ducklings, or other fowl as a prize for, or as an inducement to enter, any contest, game or other competition.  It also makes it a crime to dye or artificially color any of these animals, or display them without adequate facilities.
CA – Protected Reptiles & Amphibians – Division 5. Protected Reptiles and Amphibians CA FISH & G § 5000 – 5062 These sections are the California statutes that specifically protect certain reptiles and amphibians.  The sections enumerate the protected species and strictly prohibit taking and possession, with  a narrow exception that may be granted by permit to an educational or scientific institution or a public zoological garden.
CA – Rabies – Chapter 1. Rabies Control. CA HLTH & S § 121575 – § 121710 This chapter of California laws deals with rabies control.
CA – Racing – § 597h. Live animals; attaching to power propelled device to be pursued by dogs CA PENAL § 597h This statute makes it unlawful to tie, attach, or fasten any live animal to any machine or device propelled by any power for the purpose of causing such animal to be pursued by a dog or dogs.
CA – Research Animals – Chapter 5. Regulation of Use of Animals in Diagnostic Procedures and Medical Research CA HLTH & S § 1650 – 1677 This section regulates the use of animals in medical research. The California Department of Health Services is directed to make rules and regulations providing for satisfactory shelter, food, sanitation, record keeping, and for the humane treatment of animals by persons authorized by the board to raise, keep or to use animals medical research. The department is also authorized to inspect any premises where animals used for the purposes of this section are kept. Violations constitute a misdemeanor.
CA – Rodeos – § 596.7. Rodeos; veterinarians present at performances; violation of section CA PENAL § 596.7 This statute regulating rodeos requires that animals involved have access to veterinary care and mandates treatment of injured rodeo animals. This statute forbids the use of  an electric prod once an animal is in the holding chute, unless necessary to protect participants or spectators. Violations of this section are infractions punishable by a fine.
CA – Service Animal – § 600. Horses or dogs used by peace officers; willful and malicious harm or interference; punishment; rest CA PENAL § 600 This statute makes it an offense to willfully, maliciously and with no legal justification harm, injure, obstruct, or interfere with a horse or dog under the supervision of law enforcement in the discharge of official duties. Violations are punishable by a fine and/or imprisonment. Punishment depends on the seriousness of the injury to the animal. Upon conviction, a defendant must also pay restitution for damages.
CA – Service Animal – § 600.2. Allowing dog to injure or kill guide, signal or service dog; punishment; restitution CA PENAL § 600.2 It is unlawful for any person to permit any dog he or she owns or controls to injure or kill any service dog while the service dog is in discharge of its duties. A violation is an infraction punishable by a fine if the injury is caused by the person’s failure to exercise ordinary care. A violation is a misdemeanor if the injury is caused by reckless disregard in the exercise of control over his or her dog. A violation in this case shall be punishable by a fine and/or imprisonment. Upon conviction, the defendant shall make restitution, including veterinary bills and replacement costs.
CA – Service Animal – § 600.5. Intentional injury to, or death of, guide, signal or service dog; penalty; restitution CA PENAL § 600.5 Any person who intentionally causes injury to or the death of any service dog, while the dog is in discharge of its duties, is guilty of a misdemeanor. punishable by a fine and/or imprisonment. Upon conviction, a defendant must make restitution to the person with a disability who has custody or ownership of the dog for any veterinary bills and replacement costs of the dog if it is disabled or killed.
CA – Sharks – § 2021. Shark fins; unlawful possession, sale, offer for sale, trading, or distribution; exceptions West’s Ann.Cal.Fish & G.Code §§ 2021, 2021.5 Under these California statutes, it is unlawful to possess, sell, offer for sale, trade, or distribute a shark fin. However, there are exceptions for people who have a license or permit. In addition, people and restaurants who have a shark fin as of January 1, 2012 may possess it until January 1, 2013.
CA – Slaughter – Part 3. Slaughtered Animals. Chapter 6. Slaughter CA FOOD & AG § 19501 – 19503 These sections enumerate the prescribed methods for slaughtering cattle, calves, horses, mules, sheep, swine, goats, fallow deer, and poultry.  The regulations adopted under this chapter are required to conform as far as possible to the regulations of the United States Department of Agriculture governing methods of slaughtering.
CA – Slaughter – § 597.3. Live animal markets CA PENAL § 597.3 This California statute regulates live animal markets. Operators must ensure that no animal (frogs, turtles, and birds, but not poultry) sold for the purpose of human consumption) is cut, dismembered, butchered, or de-feathered while still alive. Operators must also provide that no animals are confined in such a way that could case injury, starvation, dehydration, or suffocation. Violation may result in a warning for the first offense and an infraction for a second offense.
CA – Slaughter – § 598b. Animals commonly kept as pets or companions; use as food; violation; exceptions CA PENAL § 598b This statute makes it a misdemeanor to possess, import into, or export from, California, sell, buy, give away, or accept any carcass of any animal commonly kept as a pet with the intent of using any part of that carcass for food.  It is also a misdemeanor to possess, import, export, buy, sell, give away or accept a common pet animal with the intent of killing it for food.
CA – Slaughter – § 599f. Nonambulatory animals; slaughter houses, stockyards, auctions, market agencies, or dealers; transaction CA PENAL § 599f  As used in this section, “nonambulatory” means unable to stand and walk without assistance.  This statute prohibits a slaughterhouse that is not inspected by the United States Department of Agriculture, stockyard, or auction shall buy, sell, or receive a nonambulatory animal.  Effective July 2008, the law also states that no slaughterhouse shall sell meat from non-ambulatory animals for human consumption. The penalty was also increased from an unspecified misdemeanor to a penalty of up to one year in jail or a fine of up to $20,000 or both.
CA – Testing, animal – Chapter 2. Deposit for Keeping. Article 1. General Provisions. CA CIVIL § 1833 – 1840 The following statutes requires that a research facility which houses living animals shall provide said animals with veterinary care, food, housing, and treat each animal with kindness. Any violation of the statute could result in civil liability. In addition, the statutes provide that an alternative testing method must be utilized when scientifically validated, recommended by the ICCVAM, and adopted by the appropriate federal agency.
CA – Theft – § 487e. Grand theft; dog exceeding value of $950 CA PENAL § 487e, 487f, 487g These provisions of the California Penal Code deal with stealing dogs and other animals. A person who feloniously steals, takes, or carries away a dog of another where the dog’s value exceeds $950 is guilty of grand theft. If the value of the dog is less than $950, it is petty theft. If a person steals or maliciously takes an animal of another for purposes of sale, medical research, slaughter, or other commercial use (or does so by fraud or false representation), he or she commits a public offense punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding 1 year or in the state prison.
CA – Transport – § 597a. Cruelty to animals; transportation; care of animals by arresting officer; expense CA PENAL § 597a This statute makes it a misdemeanor for anyone to carry a domestic animal in a vehicle in a cruel manner, or knowingly and willfully authorizes or permits it to be subjected to unnecessary torture, suffering, or cruelty of any kind. If an officer takes a defendant into custody, the officer must take charge of such vehicle and its contents. A lien is placed on them for any necessary expenses incurred for their care, which must be paid before they can be recovered.
CA – Trapping – Chapter 2. Fur-Bearing Mammals Article 1. Trapping Provisions CA FISH & G § 4000 – 4012 These provisions regulate the fur trade. Fur-bearing mammals may be taken only with a trap, a firearm, bow and arrow, poison (with permit), or with the use of dogs. It is illegal to trap without a license and certain types of traps are not allowed. Fur dealers must have a license, with exceptions. Fur dealers are required to maintain complete records and are prohibited from purchasing raw furs from any person who does not hold a valid trapping license, fur dealer license, or fur agent license.
CA – Trapping – Chapter 2. Fur-Bearing Mammals Article 2. Fur Dealer License CA FISH & G § 4030 – 4043 These provisions outline the requirements for fur dealers.  Every person engaging in the business of buying, selling, trading or dealing in raw furs of fur-bearing mammals or nongame mammals is a fur dealer and shall procure a fur dealer license.  An exception is made for those dealers that trap and sell raw furs which he has lawfully taken, or a domesticated game breeder selling raw furs of animals which he has raised.  Fur dealers are required to maintain complete recordings for all of the furs they trade or sell and are prohibited from purchasing raw fur of any fur-bearing mammal or nongame mammal from any person who does not hold a valid trapping license, fur dealer license, or fur agent license.
CA – Trusts – § 15212. Trusts for care of animals; duration; requirements; accountings; beneficiaries CA PROBATE § 15212 This California statute provides that a person can create a trust for the care of a designated

domestic

or pet animal for the life of the animal.  The duration will only be for the life of the pet, even if the trust instrument contemplates a longer duration.  Note that the statute uses the singular form of “animal” and the term “domestic” or “pet” is used.
CA – Vehicle – § 23117. Transportation of animals; enclosure or restraint requirements West’s Ann.Cal.Vehicle Code § 23117 This California law prohibits any person from transporting any animal in the open back of a vehicle on a highway unless the vehicle has sides that extend 46″ vertically, or the animal is secured in a cage and cross-tethered to prevent it from jumping out of the vehicle. The law targets the transporting of dogs in the back of pickup trucks. Exclusions include the transportation of livestock and farm dogs.
CA – Veterinary – Chapter 11. Veterinary Medicine. CA BUS & PROF § 4800 – 4917 These are the state’s veterinary practice laws.  Among the provisions include licensing requirements, laws concerning the state veterinary board, veterinary records laws, and the laws governing disciplinary actions for impaired or incompetent practitioners.
CA – Veterinary Medicine – Chapter 11. Veterinary Medicine. Article 2. Practice Provisions. West’s Ann. Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 4825 – 4831 These sections of the California Business and Professions Code, outline the practice provisions for veterinarians.  The regulations include definitions relating to the practice of veterinary medicine, license requirements, procedures for caring for restricted animals, as well as a duty to report the treatment of a dog believed to have been injured in a staged animal fight.
CA – Wild Animal – Chapter 2. Importation, Transportation, and Sheltering of Restricted Live Wild Animals. CA FISH & G § 2116 – 2203 The California Legislature adopted this act based on a findings that wild animals are captured for importation and resold in California and that some populations of wild animals are being depleted, that many animals die in captivity or transit, and that some keepers of wild animals lack sufficient knowledge or facilities for the proper care of wild animals.  It was the intention of the Legislature to regulate the importation, transportation, and possession of wild animals to protect the native wildlife and agricultural interests against damage from the existence at large of certain wild animals, and to protect the public health and safety in this state.  The act defines “wild animal” and classifies them by species.  Among other things, the act also includes inspection and permit provisions that govern the treatment of wild animals and the actions that may be taken where they are concerned.
CA – Zoo – § 602.13. Entering animal enclosure at zoo, circus, or traveling animal exhibit; punishment; exceptions; other prosec CA PENAL § 602.13 This law makes it an infraction for a person to enter into an animal enclosure at a zoo, circus, or traveling animal exhibit if that facility is licensed or permitted to display animals and if it posts signs prohibiting entrance into the animal enclosures.
California General Laws of 1913: Title 14: Section 596-599f Cal. Penal Code §§ 597 – 599f (1913) The General Laws of California from 1913, title 14, covers Malicious Mischief which includes sections concerning: Cruelty to Animals, Poisoning of Cattle, killing of birds in cemeteries and killing of gulls or cranes.  The Cruelty to Animal section describes laws concerning horses, abandoned animal, torture and maiming of animals, use of animals in fights, and arrest without warrants.  In addition, the section covers evidence, stallions, and impounding without food and water.  The section about the killing of birds in the cemetery concerns also killing and detaining of homing pigeons.  The last section about killing of gulls and cranes also concerns the destruction of eggs and nests.  In addition, the section covers killing of elk and prosecution for these offenses.

California Statutes of 1900: Sections 597-599c 1900 Cal. Stat. §§ 597 – 599c The General Laws of California from 1900 covers such sections concerning: Cruelty to Animals, Poisoning of Cattle, killing of birds in cemeteries and killing of gulls or cranes.  The Cruelty to Animal section describes laws concerning horses, abandoned animal, torture and maiming of animals, use of animals in fights, and arrest without warrants.  In addition, the section covers evidence, stallions, and impounding without food and water.  The section about the killing of birds in the cemetery concerns also killing and detaining of homing pigeons.  The last section about killing of gulls and cranes also concerns the destruction of eggs and nests.
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About Beverlee McGrath

Founder of HELPANIMALSNV.ORG and HELPANIMALSCA.ORG.
ALSO: Nevada Legislative Specialist & Special Projects • ASPCA • Best Friends Animal Society • Nevada Humane Society • SPCA of No. Nevada • NV Political Action for Animals • Lake Tahoe Humane Society & SPCA • Compassion Charity of America • Pet Network Humane Society • Wylie Animal Rescue Foundation • Paw Pac • Lake Tahoe Wolf Rescue • Hidden Valley Horse Rescue • Fallon Animal Welfare Group • NHS Carson City

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